Governorate of the Vatican-hail – body exercising on behalf of the Pope executive power in the territory of Vatican City State. Housed in the historic Palace of the governorate of Vatican City.
In the period from 1929 to 1952 there was a post of the governor of Vatican City, which is all the time occupied one person – Camillo Serafini.
After the death of Serafini’s successor has not been appointed, and its functions taken over by the chairman founded in 1939, the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, hail.
February 22, 2001 came into force a new Basic Law of the Vatican, and in this regard, Pope John Paul II appointed Cardinal Shock, who in 1997 was the President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State, while the second position – the chairman of the governorate.