Barcelona – the second most populous city in Spain, capital of the autonomous region of Catalonia and the province of the same name. Port on the Mediterranean Sea, 120 km from the French border. The largest industrial and commercial center of Spain. One of the most important tourist destinations in the European routes.
Concerning the grounds of Barcelona, there are two different legends. The first attributes the founding of the city to the hero of Greek mythology Hercules 400 years before the founding of Rome, and then in the 3rd century BC. e. the city was rebuilt Carthaginian Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal, who named the city in honor of his Barsino family.
The second legend attributes the foundation of the city directly Hamilcar (Amelkartu) Barka.
Barcelona write a chronicle began in 237 BC. e. the famous general of antiquity, Hamilcar Barca, who pitched in the year a military camp on the narrow coastal strip at the foot of the mountain Monzhuyk.
Companions commander offered to name the camp in his honor (Barcin), and “Lightning” (as also called Bark in antiquity for its speed of movement of Army) did not prevent such manifestations of love of their subordinates. Since the city was founded, which later became one of the most important cities in the Mediterranean.