Tokyo – Japan’s capital, administrative, financial, cultural, commercial and political center of the country. Tokyo is located in the southeastern part of the island of Honshu, in Tokyo Bay a bay of the Pacific Ocean. Administrative Tokyo is a prefecture area of 2188.67 square kilometers with a population of 13,051,965 people (2010) and a separate Tokyo metropolitan area, one of a kind urban conglomerate. With the Japanese Tokyo means “eastern capital”.
On the territory of present-day Tokyo people settled in the Stone Age, but the well-known village called Edo (江 戸, «entrance to the bay”), became the XII century, when the local warrior Edo Taro Sigenadoy built a fortress. In 1457 the shogun Ota Dokan erected in Edo castle of the same name, which in 1590 captured the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the Tokugawa clan. After that, the city has long been the capital of the shogunate, and played the role of political and administrative center of Japan.
The imperial court was located in Kyoto. Edo developed actively, and in the XVIII century was the largest city in the world – it was inhabited by more than 1 million people.. After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, the shogunate was overthrown and the imperial power restored. In 1869, Emperor Mutsuhito moved the capital to Edo, renamed it Tokyo. Then it was formed Tokyo Prefecture (東京 府). In the second half of the XIX century, the new capital of actively developing industry and shipbuilding.