St. Gallen – a city in the eastern part of Switzerland, the capital of the canton of St. Gallen. The city is located near Lake Constance, at an altitude of about 700 meters above sea level and is one of the highest cities in Switzerland.
Named in honor of St. Gall. There was around a Benedictine monastery of St. Galla. The monastery building with baroque hall of the library included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage.
Due to the specific relief of St. Gallen called the “city of a thousand stairs” as well as a set of stairs leading from the city center to Rosenberg and Freudenberg.
Most of the city is built on fragile peat soils with shallow groundwater. Therefore, many buildings in the city center (including the main railway station and the post office) were built on oak stilts.