Oxford (in English literally “bull Ford”) is located in the southern part of the country, on the banks of the Thames and is the capital of Oxfordshire. International fame to this small (population of just over one hundred and fifty thousand people) town has brought its famous University, the oldest in the English-speaking world and one of the oldest in Europe. Almost all experts Britain consider it the best school in the country. It should also be noted that over its long history, the University of Oxford presented to the world public for more than fifty winners of the Nobel prize. More than ten percent of the population of Oxford is students of the local University.
The town was first mentioned in the Chronicles of the Anglo-Saxons in the early tenth century, when the city was captured by Edward I., Historians have come to the conclusion that it was founded earlier, in the view of the castle for defense against Viking raids. The only monument of architecture of that time can be considered Romanesque tower that is part of the complex of the Church of St. Michael, which is located on Cornmarket street