Berlin — Germany’s capital city, the largest city in Germany in terms of population and area. After London, Berlin is the second in terms of population and fifth in area city of the European Union. The main airports of Berlin – Schönefeld airport (schönefeld) and Tegel airport (Tegel). Berlin is one of 16 States in the Federal Republic of Germany. The city is situated on the banks of the river spree (connected with this “nickname” Berlin “Spree-Athen” — “Athens on the spree”) and Havel in the heart of Brandenburg, of which he is not (since 1920). In the West and South-East of the city are extensive forests. Almost every city street is decorated with trees, we can say that Berlin is the greenest metropolis of Germany. In Berlin more than 2,500 squares, parks and places of recreation. Their total area is about 5,500 hectares. Parks, forests, rivers, lakes and canals occupy about 30 percent of the urban area.
The Palace square in Berlin, located on the island Shpreeinzel in the district Mitte close to Museum island. Its North-Eastern border is the Palace bridge turning into the street Unter den Linden.The area owes stood the City Palace, demolished in 1950, in those days, she is the Palace square was located on the Southeast side of the Palace, at the edge of the current square. In 1891 under the project of sculptor Reinhold Begas at the Palace square was built and the Neptune fountain.