The Antarctic Peninsula is the northernmost part of mainland Antarctica. Extends about 1300 km in length. Only 1000 km from the Peninsula, the Drake passage is the island of Tierra del Fuego. On the Antarctic Peninsula, there are numerous research stations.
Base General Bernardo O’higgins Antarctic station, named after Bernardo O’higgins is constantly working Chilean research station.
The base was established on 18 February 1948 by the Chilean Antarctic expedition, and is one of the long-running Antarctic bases. In winter, the population base is 16 people, the peak of abundance occurs in summer, usually 44 people, although the database can accommodate up to 60 people.